What is PBIS?
School-wide positive behavior support is a proactive, preventative, and data driven framework, which comprises a three tiered continuum of prevention-based supports (Sugai & Horner, 2002; Sugai et al., 2000; Walker et al., 1996).
Tier 1 supports all students in the school with proactive behavior management practices (e.g., selecting, teaching, and reinforcing student displays of a small number of positively stated expectations).
Tier 2 focuses on the behavioral needs of a small group of students (-15%), who display behaviors that are not responsive to Tier 1 supports and require more targeted assistance (e.g., a check-in/check-out intervention; Crone, Horner, & Hawken, 2004).Tier 3 supports individual students (—5%) whose behaviors are not responsive to Tier 1 and 2 practices and require more intensive, specialized interventions.
* PBIS rewards/matrices/implementation subject to change *
- Evidence-based approach for establishing a positive social culture in schools that involves systemic and individualized behavior support strategies for achieving social and learning outcomes while preventing problem behavior in all students.
- The framework includes many evidence-based features:
- Prevention focus
- Define and teach positive social expectations
- Acknowledge positive behavior
- Arrange consistent consequences for problem behavior
- On-going collection and use of data for decision making
- Continuum of intensive, individual interventions